Today the city area with the total of 33 municipalities was created in 1965 with the creation of Greater London . Lived there in 2014 according to estimates around 8.5 million people, including 3.3 million in the 13 municipalities of Inner London . London, making it the most populous city in the European Union and 13.6 million people in the London Metropolitan Area before Paris (12.3 million inhabitants) the EU’s largest metropolitan area.
Founded in 50 BC n.. By the Romans as ancient settlement „Londinium”, the city was after the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the capital of the Kingdom of England and resulted in the seat of the British royal family . Already in the Middle Ages was London an important trading place in Europe. During the reign of Elizabeth I in the 16th century its importance grew as a port of the North Sea . By the beginning of industrialization in the 18th century, the population of London grew, so that the city exceeded 1800 as one of the first the barrier of one million inhabitants. Until 1900, the population increased sixfold and London was in the 19th century not only the capital of the British Empire , but also the largest city in the world , which it remained until 1925th It developed into a major city of technology and industry , as well as the policy , which they still among the world cities counts.
London is currently one of the most important commercial and cultural centers of the world with numerous universities, colleges, theaters and museums. With the City of London , the city is also next to New York City and Frankfurt the largest financial centers in the world.Historical buildings such as the Palace of Westminster or Tower of London , among others for UNESCO World Heritage Site . With up to 18 million tourists from abroad London since 2014. Paris and Bangkok , the most visited city in the world.